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RATTANAKIRI

1.Background

Province Capital: 636 km. north - east of Phnom Penh

Area: 11,052 Square kilometers
Population: 94243 people (ethnic minority) represent 75.77% of the total.
Religion: Buddhism and Animism.
Accessibility: by land, car from Phnom Penh/Kratie/Steung Treng to Rattanakiri.
Major occupations: farming
Major products: gemstones & agriculture
Major industries: farming & tourism 
 

I. Introduction

 
Ratanakiri became a province of Kingdom of Cambodia in 1960 under King Norodom Sihanouk's reign. Banlung is the capital city of Ratanakiri, situated in the highland, along the National Road No19 from Ou porng Moan to the Vietnam border about 200 km. ( Ou´ porng Moan-Banlung is about 120km, Banlung-Vietnam 80k.m)
 
Ratanakiri is situated on the north - east plateau , 636 Km from Phnom Penh. It is bordering Vietnam on the east, Laos PDR on the North, Steung Treng on the West and Mondul Kiri on the South. There are two rivers crossing the province ( Sre Pork and Sresan River )
 
A sparsely populated province, it is renowned for its unique natural beauty and wealth of natural resources. The physical and environmental characteristic of the province forms an impressive range including undulating hills and mountains, a level plateau, watershed lowlands, crater lakes, rivers and waterfalls. Forest cover varies from area to area, from the dense impenetrable forest in the northern reaches, which are still rich in wildlife, to the drier and sparser forest, found in the southwest. Similarly, the soil types present range from rich volcanic soil to the sandy soil found near rivers.Thus Ratanakiri province offers wonderful opportunities for Eco-tourism in Cambodia. 
 

II. Recommended Itinerary

 
Day 1:welcome guest at Ratanakliri airport and transfer to Hotel, city tour, Phnom Eisey Patamak, have a swin at Yeak Loam Lake, visit culture center, overnight.
 
Day 2:Visit Ceal Rumplan ( stone field ), continue to Veun Sai district, take a trip along the Sre San river stop at Kachoun village, visit Tumpoun village, return journey through Ou'lalay, visit Kavet minority Chinese village, Banphang village, get the cotton yarn wrish tied and get water spray from elderly villages, visit Norng Kabat forest, turn back to Banlung, overnight.
 
Day 3:take a trip to Andoung Meas (Golden wells ) district, continue by boat to Taing Se commune along Sre San river, visit Charay hill tribe, visit gem mines and digging wells at Bar Kaev, on the way back, visit rubber plantation, coffee orchard, return to Banlung overnight.
 
Day 4:( Jan - May ) Transfer to Lumphat district, take a bath at Sre Pork river, visit Lao village, visit Cashew farm coffee orchard at Ou'cheng, Kachanh and Katieng Waterfalls, return to Banlung.
 
Day 5:Take a trip to Ou'Seanlair Waterwall, visit gem mines and digging wells, visit Tumpuon village and return to Banlung, overnight.
 
Day 6:Shopping handicrafts, fly back to Phnom Penh.
 

III. Economic Potentiality

 
Ratanakiri is scarcely populated, and it is also true that the capital city does not have an adequate market, but if we can conclude that Ratanakiri abundantly possesses a variety of natural resources, they could then satisfactorily served as important elements to develop the national economy. Underground and on land resources are gold, mine, gem stone, granite, onyx, fertile red soil, water sources ( home of wild animals ), luxury and quality wood and above all, the beautiful weather with fresh and pure air, and yearly rain.
 

IV . Transportation

 
By air :Now is not available.
 
By land : (636 km)from Phnom Penh - Kampong Cham - Kracheh (Overnight ), continue to Rattanakkiri by car. From Phnom Penh to Steung Treng by boat in raining season (Overnight) , continue to Ratanakiri by plane or car.
 
The popular kinds of transportation in banlung ( Ratanakiri ) are car, motorbike, elephants riding, boat or trekking.
 

V. Population

Ethnic Minorities Ratanakiri Province number 94,243.
The minorities represent 75.77 % of it.
 
1. Population: 
- 17,212 Families
- 94,243 Habitants
- Female: 47,847 ( 50.8%)
- Male: 46,396 (49.2%)
- 5.5 Persons / family
 
1.1. Disabled persons:
- 1,087 persons
- Female: 570 persons
- Male: 517 persons
 
1.2. Density:
- 8.6 Persons / k.m2
- 1.5 Families / k.m2 
 
2. Ethnic Minorities
There are 8 different hill tribes ethnic groups:  
 
1. Tumpoun 24.13%
2. Kreung        18.89%
3. Kavet         2.65%
4. Kachok         2.65%
5. Charay         19.47%
6. Prou         7.54%
7. Phnong    0.24%
8. Lun                 0.20%
9. Total        75.77%
 

Minority Woman

 
They like to live in the jungles, hills, mountains in small separated villages where they make their living through traditional ways of cultivation ( shifting agriculture), hunting and collecting fruits, must from the forest. They believe in spirits, derived from their animism beliefs.
 

VI. Climate 

 
Ratanakiri Province has a climate like the other areas in the country, there are 3 seasons :
 
- Rainy season:June - October
- Cool season:November- February
- Hot season:    March- May: Temperature: from 20o-32oc